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In order to become a Consultant Ophthalmologist it is necessary to learn the skill of refraction and retinoscopy which requires a great deal of skill and practice. This full-colour, comprehensive revision guide has been specifically tailored for candidates of the mandatory Refraction Certificate Examination assessed by the Royal College of Ophthalmologists.
This medical reference’s case-based approach gives you just the practice you need to assess, reinforce, and broaden your mastery of every essential concept in ophthalmology for clinical rounds, oral boards or recertification.
Review key information on every aspect of ophthalmology: optics/refraction; neuro-ophthalmology/orbit; pediatrics/strabismus; external disease/adnexa; anterior segment; and posterior segment.
Learn from the experts with contributions from an all-star duo of seasoned authors.
Enhance your fundamental knowledge in ophthalmology and reinforce learning objectives using 100 illustrated cases.
Corneal topography has become essentially a pattern recognition trade, best learned by viewing multiple images of representative patterns. In spite of this, currently available topography books focus only on the technology behind topography, or a particular application of topography, as opposed to presenting a comprehensive collection of topographic patterns that provide quick, consistent pattern recognition and identification. Drs. Wang and Kugler, along with Drs. Morgan and Boerman, look to fill this void with Atlas and Clinical Reference Guide for Corneal Topography.
Atlas and Clinical Reference Guide for Corneal Topography is the first corneal topography book that lends itself to efficient image search and reference for busy clinicians at chair side. Organized into both map-based and disease-based sections, the book allows for quick reference in busy clinical situations.
Images come from the commonly used topographers, the Zeiss Atlas and the Oculus Pentacam, but the principles of pattern recognition can be applied to any topographer. Due to the text’s large collection of topographic images and corresponding corneal conditions, Atlas and Clinical Reference Guide for Corneal Topography can be used side by side with the topographer.
Designed as both a learning tool for students and a reference for clinicians to use when faced with a challenging topography interpretation, Atlas and Clinical Reference Guide for Corneal Topography will be appreciated by a wide spectrum of eye care professionals. General ophthalmologists, cataract and refractive surgeons, corneal specialists, optometrists, and ophthalmology residents and students will benefit from this invaluable atlas for corneal topography.
Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology, 3rd edition provides the single authoritative resource on the pathophysiology, diagnostic evaluation, and treatment of neuro-ophthalmologic disorders in children. This book is encyclopedic in scope, incorporating extensive references for each condition, numerous diagrams and pictures, and a detailed analysis of the clinical disorders included in the differential diagnosis of each condition. The third edition builds upon this format to incorporate new discoveries about mechanisms of disease, new diagnostic modalities, advances in treatment in the field of pediatric neuro-ophthalmology, and updated neuroimaging figures.
The vitreous humour is a clear gel positioned behind the iris (coloured part) and the lens, and in front of the retina (back of the eye). Vitrectomy is the surgical removal of the vitreous humour, a procedure needed to allow ophthalmic surgeons to diagnose and treat underlying disease in the eye. This new edition provides a step by step guide to vitrectomy surgeries. Beginning with a description of the anatomy and physiology, the role of optical coherence tomography and anaesthesia, the following chapters discuss vitrectomy procedures for different ocular diseases and disorders. Written by a recognised Spanish author and editor team, the second edition includes new chapters, more than 350 full colour images and illustrations, and a DVD demonstrating vitrectomy surgery. Key points * Step by step guide to vitrectomy surgery * Includes new chapters * Features more than 350 colour images and illustrations * Includes DVD * Spanish author and editor team * Previous edition published in 2006
This richly illustrated, comprehensive guide will enable the reader to identify anatomy and ophthalmic disease as illustrated on optical coherence tomography (OCT). It is the most up-to-date atlas of OCT images, many of which have been obtained with the newer OCT technologies that offer excellent image quality and definition at a microscopic level. All of the major disease areas in ophthalmology are covered, including diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, uveitis, glaucoma, retinal vascular disease, and genetic abnormalities, and further hot topics are also considered. The chapters are written by leading international ophthalmologists from famous academic centers, and the numerous high-quality OCT images ensure that the reader will easily be able to follow the key issues. This book, with its clinical emphasis, will have wide appeal for residents, fellows, and experienced practitioners in ophthalmology, as well as optometrists and medical students and graduates.
This book is a comprehensive source of authoritative information on the clinical features,diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and management of medical and surgical retinal diseases. The Manual has 122 chapters, organized in 18 sections covering medical and surgical aspects of retinal diseases such as trauma, AMD, Uveitis, infections, endophthalmitis, pediatric diseases, dystrophies, and tumors. Easy-to-read chapters convey the fundamental concepts with the aid of clinical photographs, imaging studies (including fluorescein and indocyanine angiograms, ultrasonograms, CT scans, and MRI scans) and tables. The manual is of value to a wide range of practitioners and trainees, including students,residents, fellows and ophthalmologists who treat retinal diseases.
Endophthalmitis is a serious eye infection that can cause blindness if not promptly diagnosed and appropriately treated. The goals of this book are to provide the latest information about endophthalmitis and offer recommendations for diagnosis and treatment.
Each chapter is written by experts in the field with the practicing clinician in mind. Several chapters focus on the major types of endophthalmitis such as postoperative, post-intravitreal injection, bleb-related, exogenous fungal, chronic, and endogenous endophthalmitis. Other chapters describe endophthalmitis in special populations such as diabetic or immunocompromised hosts or those with a glaucoma drainage device, keratoprosthesis, or other artificial implant. Also included are chapters that provide an overview of endophthalmitis as seen around the world, summarize current understanding of endophthalmitis pathogenesis, describe the latest microbiologic and molecular diagnostic techniques, and discuss emerging problems such as multidrug-resistant pathogens. A final chapter offers recommendations for ways to prevent this devastating eye infection.
Oculoplastic surgery is the cosmetic, corrective, and reconstructive surgery of the eye. It manages and repairs problems primarily related to the tissues or structures surrounding the eye (eyelids, tear ducts, orbit), rather than the eyeball itself (healthcommunities.com). Orbitopathy is a condition associated with swelling of the tissue in the orbit creating bulging of the eyes. It is associated with Graves’ disease, a condition that causes over-activity of the thyroid gland (Johns Hopkins Medicine). Dacryology is the study of the lacrimal (tear) system and is associated with ‘dry eye’. This book is a comprehensive guide to oculoplasty, orbitopathy and dacryology. Beginning with an introduction to the basic concepts, the following sections discuss the diagnosis and surgical management of various disorders associated with each of these subspecialties. Emphasis is placed on both quantitative and qualitative diagnostic assessment and nearly 750 clinical photographs and illustrations assist learning. Key points * Comprehensive guide to oculoplasty, orbitopathy and dacryology * Discusses diagnosis and surgical management of numerous disorders * Emphasis on quantitative and qualitative assessment * Includes nearly 750 clinical photographs and illustrations
This book is designed to offer clarity to the clinician. It is divided into three sections: Basics, Devices, and Applications. Chapters in the Basics section are foundational and applicable to all devices, independent of specific technology. Chapter 1 focuses on corneal surface geometry, including curvature. Chapter 2 highlights the important subtleties of how elevation data are interpreted. Chapter 3 illustrates how corneal thickness maps are advantageous over single point measures of central pachymetry. Finally, Chapter 4 describes the myriad of different indices for distinguishing keratoconic from normal corneal topography that are published in the literature to date.
With the current rapid development of ophthalmic sciences, it is difficult for ophthalmologists to remain fully up to date with all areas of clinical specialty. The second edition of this atlas describes the latest advances in clinical ophthalmology. Each chapter deals with a separate part of the eye, discussing different diseases and disorders that may be encountered by ophthalmologists. Each condition is accompanied by concise descriptions of major and minor signs, as well as detailed photographs illustrating the disease. This comprehensive new edition features 3750 full colour images and illustrations, including more than 600 additional photographs. Images from the first edition have been replaced with better quality photographs taken with the Haag-Streit BX-900 Photo-Slit Lamp and the Zeiss FF 450 Plus Fundus camera.
This book provides a concise overview over the pathology of retinal angiogenic diseases and explains why anti-angiogenic therapy is effective in so many patients. The reader is guided through the various clinical indications for anti-angiogenic therapy and made aware of its merits as well as current challenges and limitations. It is explained how, since its introduction for the treatment of exudative age-related macular degeneration in 2006, anti-angiogenic therapy has revolutionized the way in which we treat a range of ocular diseases. All of the authors are established experts in their respective fields who share their extensive knowledge and clinical experience with the reader. This book is both a valuable introduction to anti-angiogenic therapy in ophthalmology and a day-to-day companion for all ophthalmologists seeing patients with some of the most prevalent retinal diseases.
Covers the science of refractive surgery, accommodative and nonaccommodative treatment of presbyopia, and patient evaluation. Examines specific procedures in refractive surgery and their potential complications, and refractive surgery in ocular and systemic disease. Includes information on lens implants used in the United States and other countries.
Upon completion of Section 13, readers should be able to:
* Identify the general types of lasers used in refractive surgeries
* Explain the steps including medical and social history, ocular examination and ancillary testing in evaluating whether a patient is an appropriate candidate for refractive surgery
* For incisional keratorefractive surgery, describe the history, patient selection, surgical techniques, outcomes, and complications
* Explain recent developments in the application of wavefront technology to surface ablation and LASIK
* Describe the different types of IOLs used for refractive correction
Provides an overview of the structure and function of the retina and its relationship to the pigment epithelium, choroid and vitreous. Describes the major vitreoretinal disorders and appropriate diagnostic methods and treatment principles.
This major revision of section 12 features two new chapters; one on retinovascular disease associated with cardiovascular disease and the other on retinal toxicities of systemic medications. Other changes include updates on the management of age-related macular degeneration, diabetic macular edema, and venous occlusive disease. An emphasis on imaging is demonstrated in the new edition with more than 175 new or replacement images, and ten new surgical videos (access via QR codes) to illustrate common vitreoretinal procedures.
Separate chapters are devoted to age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity, including the latest imaging techniques and choroidal detail. Selected therapeutic topics include laser therapy and vitreoretinal surgery.
Upon completion of Section 12, readers should be able to:
* Select appropriate methods of examination and ancillary studies for the diagnosis of vitreoretinal disorders
* Describe the principles of medical and surgical treatment of vitreoretinal disorders
* Incorporate data from major prospective clinical trials in the management of selected vitreoretinal disorders
Provides a comprehensive discussion of glaucoma, including epidemiology and the social and economic impacts of the disease; hereditary and genetic factors; intraocular pressure and aqueous humor dynamics; and clinical evaluation and surgical therapy. The various classes of medical therapy for glaucoma are described in terms of efficacy, mechanism of action and safety. Contains numerous images illustrating disease entities and surgical techniques.
Upon completion of Section 10, readers should be able to:
* Identify the epidemiologic features of glaucoma, including the social and economic impacts of the disease
* Describe the clinical evaluation of the glaucoma patient, including history and general examination, gonioscopy, optic nerve examination, and visual field
* Describe the clinical features, evaluation, and treatment of primary open-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma
List the various clinical features of and therapeutic approaches for the primary and secondary open-angle glaucomas
New to this edition is the inclusion of three fundamental surgical technique videos and one diagnostic video (access via QR codes). The revision also uses updated terminology for all diseases that is in line with currently accepted uveitis nomenclature. This section begins with an overview of immune-mediated eye disease, summarizing basic immunologic concepts, ocular immune responses and special topics in ocular immunology. Discusses the clinical approach to uveitis and reviews noninfectious (autoimmune) and infectious forms of uveitis, with an expanded section on viral uveitis and new material on infectious and noninfectious scleritis.
Enhanced detection of infectious agents by immunologic and genetic methods and biologic therapeutics are detailed. Also covers endophthalmitis, masquerade syndromes, complications of uveitis and ocular aspects of AIDS.
Upon completion of Section 9, readers should be able to:
* Identify general and specific pathophysiologic processes that affect the structure and function of the uvea, lens, intraocular cavities, retina, and other tissues in acute and chronic intraocular inflammation
* Differentiate and identify infectious and noninfectious uveitic entities
* Choose appropriate examination techniques and relevant ancillary studies based on whether an infectious or noninfectious cause is suspected
Keep your ophthalmic knowledge current with the Academy’s 2015-2016 Basic and Clinical Science Course (BCSC). BCSC is the most extensive compilation of ophthalmic scientific research and clinical experience, and it is continually updated by a faculty of more than 80 expert ophthalmologists.
Section 8 discusses the structure and function of the cornea and external eye and reviews relevant examination techniques. Covers infectious and ocular surface diseases, disorders and surgery of the ocular surface; immune-mediated and neoplastic disorders; congenital anomalies and degenerations. A recently updated chapter on the genetics of corneal dystrophies reflects the new IC3D classification. Discusses toxic and traumatic injuries and corneal transplantation.